Planning of enterprise fodder base

V. P. Kovalenko, N. O. Kovalenko


Ensuring the needs of farm animals in energy and nutrition is a major objective of feed production. Excessive or insufficient intake of them in the body leads to negative consequences. Lack of mineral elements significantly reduces the protective function of the animal organism against various diseases and causes a violation of the functional activity of organs; excessive receipt of any element consumption causes the a significant amount of energy spending on removing them, and sometimes even poisoning of animals. Unbalanced feeding of animals causes a decrease in their productivity and a deterioration in the quality of products leads to a breach of reproductive ability, and the receipt of non-viable offspring. Intensification of fodder production on the basis of increased level of application of fertilizers, chemical plant protection products, irrigation, new high-yielding varieties of fodder crops, advanced feed production technologies, as well as increasing the technical equipment of farms allow to increase feed production per unit area. At the same time, a significant increase in their production is not always accompanied by a corresponding increase in the volume of production of livestock products. Improving the quality of the main feed and planning the feed base are the most important and urgent tasks of forage production, the solution of which allows to increase the production of livestock products by 20-25%.

Ключові слова

planning, feedbase, production efficiency

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