Productivity of cicer arietinum depending on the level of mineral nutrition in the conditions of the Western Forest-Steppe, Ukraine

V. I. Pushchak

Анотація


The research results of cicer arietinum productivity of the variety “Pamyat” depending on the level of mineral fertilizers in the conditions of sufficient humidity of the western forest-steppe of Ukraine are presented. The application of  phosphorous and potassium fertilizers practically had no impact on field germination and density of plants at the stage of shoots. During the application of P40K60 + Intermag legumes + MgSO4 , the density of plants increased before harvesting up to 7 plants per m2 compared  with the version without fertilizers. The productivity of cicer arietinum of the variety “Pamyat”  without  fertilizers application was 2.42 ton per hectare. With increasing the rates of phosphorous and potassium fertilizers, the yield increased  by 0.18–0.67 ton per hectare, or by 7.4–27.7 %. The highest yield was obtained on the background of P40K60 + Intermag legumes + MgSO4, and it was 3.09 ton per hectare. The best results on economic efficiency were obtained during the application of P40K60 + Intermag legumes + MgSO4. The net profit on  this version was 33,768 hryvnia per hectare at a cost price of 7,071.8 hryvnia per a ton of seed. The level of profitability is 154.5 %.

Ключові слова


Cicer arietinum, fertilizers, productivity ( yield), plant density, economic efficiency

Повний текст:

PDF (English)

Посилання


Babych, A. O., Poberezhna, A. A. (2001). Problema kromovoho bilkaishliakhy ii vyrishennia v rehionakh [The issue of fodder proteins and ways of its solution at regional level]. Piedmont and Mountain Agriculture and AnimalHusbandry: an interdisciplinary scientific edition, 43 (I), 11–15.

Balashova, N. N. (2003). Mirovye tendentsii proizvodstva i potrebleniya nuta [World tendencies of production and consumption of the chickpea]. Grain Economy, 8, 5–8.

Didovych, S. V. (2005). Pidvyshchennia produktyvnosti nutu shliakhom nitranizatsii nasinnia [The increase of productivity of the chickpea by nitratization of seeds]. Scientific Proceedings of the Crimean State Agrotechnological University, 91, 25–31.

Dospekhov, B. A. (1985). Metodika polevogo opyta (s osnovami statisticheskoy obrabotki rezultatov issledovaniy) [The method of field experience (with basics of statistic processing of research results)]. 5th edition. Moscow :Kolos, 351.

Draganchuk, M. (2011). Nut : agrotekhnika vyrashchivaniya [The chickpea: agrotechnology of growing]. Farming Economy, 32 (547), 18.

Zaveriukhin, V. I.,Maliarchuk, M. P. (2002). Nut nakorm – shliakh do vyrishennia bilkovoi problem v tvarynnytstvi ta zrostannia efektyvnosti zernovyrobnytstva [The chickpea as nourishment to resolve the protein issue in animal husbandry and to increase the effectiveness of farming]. Kherson, 6.

Kulinich, O. (2005). Vnosymo azot z bobovymy [Applying nitrogen by legumes]. Proposition, 5, 50.

Krykunets, V. M. (1990). Zavisimost urozhaya soi ot dozy azota udobreniya [The dependence of productivity of the soybean on the dosage of nitrogen fertilizers]. Agrochemistry, 12, 31–38.

Nosko, B. S. (2013).Azotnyi rezhym gruntiv i yoho transformatsiia v ahroekosystemakh [The nitrogen regime of soils and its transformation in agricultural lands]. Kharkiv, 130.

Ostapenko,A. I. et al. (1999).Kultiviruyemye i dikorastushchiye sakharoponizhayushchiye rassteniya :spravochnik [Cultivated and naturally growing sugar decreasing plants]. Kherson:Ailant, 131.

Pryanishnikov, D. N., Yakushkin, I. V. (1935). Nut [The chickpea]. Agricultural Plants. Moscow, 316–318.

Pryanishnikov, D. N. (1965). Agrokhimiya. V 3 t. Tom 3: Obshchiye voprosy zemledeliya i khimizatsii [Agrochemistry.In 3 volumes.Vol. 3: General issues of farming and chemicalization].Ed. byO. K. Kedrova-Zikhman. Moscow, 767.

Mahler, R. L. (2005). Chickpeas. Northern Idaho fertilizer guide revised, 2, 1–3.

Patel,B.D. et al. (2006). Effect offertilizers and weed management practices on weed control in chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.) under middle Gujarat conditions. Indian J. Crop Science, 1, 180–183.


Метрики статей

Завантаження метрик ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Посилання

  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.