The yield capacity and economic efficiency of spring oilseed crops cultivation and fertilizers influence on spring false flax productivity

A. M. Likhochvor

Анотація


The urgency of search of perspective niche oilseed crops is shown. The purpose of research is to compare the yield potential of spring oilseed  crops and improve cultivation technology of spring false flax. Methods are field experiments and laboratory analyzes. The studies revealed that in the western forest steppe on dark grey soils provide the highest yield of spring rape - 2,45 - 2,50 t/ha. Somewhat lower yields of flax and false flax was respectively 2.16 - 2.25 and 2.18 – 2,23 ton/ha.  The yield  of false flax seeds under the influence of fertilizers increased from 1.28 t / ha in variant without fertilizers to 2.44 t/ha for the version with the introduction  N120R60K120, that  increased by 1.16 t/ha. The flax is characterized by highoil content Brown mustard (45.8%) and false flax (44.3%). Raising standards of fertilizers leads to lower oil content.The best indicators of economic efficiency were obtained under false flax  and flax growing, the  profit was respectively 21750  and 21450  UAH / ha. The advisability of the rates of fertilizer to N120R60K120 net profit thus increased to 22 288 UAH per 1 ha.

Prospects for further research should focus on optimizing other elements of intensive cultivation technology  of false flax.

Ключові слова


false flax, spring oilseed crops fertilizer rates, yield, quality economic efficienc

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Посилання


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