Breeding soybeans to improve the productivity and adaptive traits under irrigation

V. I. Kuzmych

Анотація


Improvement of selection methodology for productivity, allotment of constant soybean Hy-lines, and creation of new soybean varieties with strong productivity performance and persistence to diseases were the main goal of investigation.

There were allotted more productive Hy-lines with difference length of vegetation period from the numbers of determined in the process of studying of high-productive Hy-lines of F5 hybrid combinations of soybean (Yug 40/Lambert, Yug 40/Banana, 1814 (2) 90/KC 9, Danaia/Phaeton, Izumrudna /Tresor and BY 5823/Aitair).

These Hy-lines had more seeds amount from a plant and weight of the seeds per plant than standard by 96.20-226.26 % and 105.52-193.07 % respectively ant their yield had range 4.31-6.12 t/ha.

The studying of persistence of soy bean plants to virus rugose mosaic, bacterial blight, septoria blight and downy mildew has showed that all allotted by productivity Hy-lines had no traces of these diseases. The Hy-lines 8/15, Yug 40/Lambert, 15/3, Danaia / Phaeton, 27/4, 27/5, Izumrudna/Tresor, 34/1 and BY 5823/Altair had a very high persistence (the score is 7-9) to the bacterial blight and downy mildew.

Because of using of improvement way of allotment for productivity by a quantity of productive nodes per plant we have create two new varieties of soybean (Sviatogor and Sophia). Allotted soybean Hy-lines have included into the further selection process and was recommended as a resource of high productivity and adaptive capability

Ключові слова


soybean, adaptive ability, irrigation

Повний текст:

PDF (English)

Посилання


Sokol T. V. (2015) Stiikist kolektsiinykh zrazkiv soi do shkidlyvykh orhanizmiv [Stability of soy bean samples for harmful organisms]. Selektsiia i nasinnytstvo. K. : Urozhai, 107, 197-204.

Markov I. L. (2013) Diahnostychni oznaky khvorob soi ta bioloho-ekolohichni osoblyvosti rozvytku yikh zbudnykiv [Diagnostic signs of soybean diseases and biological and ecological peculiarities of development of their pathogens] . Ahronom. 1, 136-150.

Ivaniuk S. V.,Shkatula, Iu. (2013) Imunolohichna kharakterystyka zrazkiv soi v umovakh pravoberezhnoho lisostepu Ukrainy [Immunological characteristics of soy samples in the conditions of the right-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine]. Selektsiia i nasinnytstvo. K. : Urozhai, 103, 256-261.

Petrenkova V. P., Sokol, T. (2013) Khvoroby soi [Diseases of soy] Posibnyk Ukrainskoho khliboroba. – 2013. – T. 2. – S. 28-31.

Dospekhov B. A. (1985) Metodika polevoho opyta (s osnovami statisti-cheskoy obrabotki rezul'tatov issledovaniy) [Methodology of field experience (with the basics of statistical processing of research results)] M. : Ahropromizdat, 351.

Shyrokyi unifikovanyi klasyfikator rodu Glycine max. (L.) (2004) Merr. [Wide unified classifier of the genus Glycine max. (L.)]/ [ukladachi : Kobyzieva, L. N., Riabchun V. K., Bezuhla O. M. ta in.]. – Kharkiv, 37 .

Hryhor’ieva O. M. (1996) Osnovni khvoroby soi i zakhody po znyzhenniu yikh shkodochynnosti v umovakh pivnichnoho Stepu Ukrainy [Major diseases of soy and measures to reduce their harmfulness in the conditions of the northern steppe of Ukraine]: avtoref. dys. na zdobuttia nauk. stupenia kand. s.-h. Nauk : spets. 06.00.11 “Fitopatolohiia”, 21.

Venediktov, O. M. (2012) Khvoroby i shkidnyky soi ta zakhody borotby z nymy. [Soybean diseases and pests and measures to combat them]. Kormy i kormovyrobnytstvo. 71, 55-61.


Метрики статей

Завантаження метрик ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Посилання

  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.