THE USE OF INTEGRAL INDICATORS OF THE CONDITION OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS PARK FOR BIOINDICATION OF ANTHROPOGENIC LOAD



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31548/biologiya2018.287.079

N. N. Miroshnyk, O. Tertуchna, I. Teslenko

Анотація


The priority direction of modern environmental research is bioindicating impact assessment of anthropogenic load on the environment. The purpose of the article is improvement of methodical bases of the integrated assessment of the state of forest ecosystems parks in conditions of anthropogenic load and determine the direction of processes in them. The developed system of integrated assessment of the condition of Park ecosystems, including the calculation of the index of anthropogenic load on the basis of 17 indicators, development Index of degradation processes, structural diversity Index (modified), a risk assessment to determine the direction of degradation processes and the level of destabilization ecosystems. Additionally introduced coefcient W, R, taking into account the real level of recreational pressure on parks and the characteristics of phytocenosis, as indicators of the state urbanocosystem. For integral estimation of the state parks and bioindication of anthropogenic load, one should apply ecosystemic and structural approaches with the inclusion of three vectors of the organization of complex systems (structural-functional organization, levels of organization of living, differentiation in ecological niches), with subsequent analysis of risk destabilization of ecosystems. Used a new approach to the integral estimation of the state and the level of destabilization of the parks in conditions of anthropogenic impact with three blocks. In the future possible a territorial zoning reflecting the structure of vectors and their transformation for decision-making concerning conservation, restoration and maintenance of stability of urbanoecosystem.


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