Ecological evaluation of aquatic microorganisms role in xenobiotics transformation with the reference to the Black sea


M. Pavlovska, L. Solomenko, IE. Prekrasna


The present analytical review is dedicated to the current perspective of the issue of the Black sea xenobiotics pollution. The Black sea is extremely vulnerable   to pollution impact, as it is a semi-closed water-body under the influence of significant inflow from the Danube, Dnipro and Dnister rivers.

According to the recent data from the UNDP EMBLAS project 80 types of organic pollutants were identified in the Black Sea water samples. Those included 17 pesticides with the concentration above the safety thresholds both in the offshore and in the coastal waters.

It has been previously shown that xenobiotics’ inflow results in taxonomic and functional shift of microbial communities inhabiting aquatic environment. Microbial-mediated degradation and biological pump control the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons’ flux in marine ecosystems, which prevents their accumulation in the food web.

The data on xenobiotics pollution in both water column and sediments is summarized in the present review. The recent studies targeting the microbial communities’ role in biotransformation and translocation of substances with xenobiotic behavior are analyzed. The significance and topicality of the case-studies focusing on aquatic microbial communities functional response towards xenobiotics’ pollution is highlighted and the Black Sea ecosystem is suggested as the plausible example for addressing the above mentioned issues

Ключові слова

aquatic ecosystem, xenobiotics, pesticides, transformation, translocation, microbial communities


Atashgahi, S., Shetty, S. A., Smidt, H., & de Vos, W. M. (2018). Flux, Impact, and Fate of Halogenated Xenobiotic Compounds in the Gut. Frontiers in physiology, 9, 888

Schwarzenbach R. P., Escher B. I., Fenner K., Hofstetter T. B., Johnson C. A., Von Gunten U., et al. . (2006). The challenge of micropollutants in aquatic systems. Science 313, 1072–1077.

Fetzner S. (2002). Biodegradation of xenobiotics. In Doelle H W, Rokem S, Berovic M (eds.) Biotechnology. Volume 10. Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS). EOLSS Publishers Co. Ltd., Oxford. pp. 215–246

Diamanti, K.S., Alygizakis, N.A., Nika, MC. et al. Assessment of the chemical pollution status of the Dniester River Basin by wide-scope target and suspect screening using mass spectrometric techniques. Anal Bioanal Chem 412, 4893–4907 (2020).

Shimkus, K.M., Trimonis, E.S., (1974). Modern sedimentation in Black Sea. In: Degens, E.T., Ross, D.A. (Eds.). The Black Sea—Geology, Chemistry, and Biology, vol. 20. Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Mem, pp. 249–279

Readman, J. W., Fillmann, G., Tolosa, I., Bartocci, J., Villeneuve, J. P., Catinni, C., & Mee, L. D. (2002). Petroleum and PAH contamination of the Black Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin.

Smith, J. N., Lee, K., Gobeil, C., & Macdonald, R. W. (2009). Natural rates of sediment containment of PAH, PCB and metal inventories in Sydney Harbour, Nova Scotia. Science of the Total Environment.

Slobodnik et al., Scientific Report, National Pilot Monitoring Studies and Joint Open Sea Surveys in Georgia, Russian Federation and Ukraine, 2016, EU/UNDP Project: Improving Environmental Monitoring in the Black Sea – Phase II (EMBLAS-II), ENPI/2013/313- 169,, accessed on 12 May 2021

Slobodnik et al., Scientific Report, National Pilot Monitoring Studies and Joint Open Sea Surveys in Georgia, Russian Federation and Ukraine, 2017, EU/UNDP Project: Improving Environmental Monitoring in the Black Sea – Phase II (EMBLAS-II), ENPI/2013/313- 169,, November 2018, accessed on 12 May 2021

Slobodnik J., AlygizakisN., Oswald P., Oswaldova M., Nika M-C., Vrana B., Prokes R., Stoica E., Pavlovska M., Prekrasna I., Dykyi E., and Thomaidis N. 2019. EMBLAS - Improving Environmental Monitoring in the Black Sea. Norman Bulletin: 6,, accessed on 12 May 2021

European Commission. Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy. Off. J. Eur. Union, 164 (2008), pp. 19-40

Javier Castro-Jiménez, Naiara Berrojalbiz, Jan Wollgast, Jordi Dachs. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Mediterranean Sea: Atmospheric occurrence, deposition and decoupling with settling fluxes in the water column. Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2012, 166, pp.40-47. ff10.1016/j.envpol.2012.03.003

Baquero, F., García-Rodríguez, JA., García de Lomas, J., Aguilar, L. (1999). The Spanish Surveillance Group for Respiratory Pathogens. Antimicrobial resistance of 1,113 Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from patients with respiratory tract infections in Spain: results of a 1-year (1996–1997) multicenter surveillance study. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 43, 357–359

Bakan, G., & Ariman, S. (2004). Persistent organochlorine residues in sediments along the coast of mid Black Sea Region of Turkey. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48, 1031–1039

Ozkoc, H.B., Bakan, G. & Ariman, S. (2007). Distribution and bioaccumulation of organochlorine pesticides along the Black Sea coast. Environ Geochem Health 29, 59–68

Atlas, R. M., & Hazen, T. C. (2011). Oil biodegradation and bioremediation: A tale of the two worst spills in U.S. history. Environmental Science and Technology.

Kostka, J. E., Teske, A. P., Joye, S. B., & Head, I. M. (2014). The metabolic pathways and environmental controls of hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine ecosystems. In Frontiers in Microbiology.

Duran, R., & Cravo-Laureau, C. (2016). Role of environmental factors and microorganisms in determining the fate of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the marine environment. In FEMS Microbiology Reviews.

Louvado, A., Gomes, N. C. M., Simões, M. M. Q., Almeida, A., Cleary, D. F. R., & Cunha, A. (2015). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in deep sea sediments: Microbe-pollutant interactions in a remote environment. In Science of the Total Environment.

Chakraborty, J., & Das, S. (2016). Molecular perspectives and recent advances in microbial remediation of persistent organic pollutants. Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

Hidalgo, K. J., Sierra-Garcia, I. N., Dellagnezze, B. M., & de Oliveira, V. M. (2020). Metagenomic Insights Into the Mechanisms for Biodegradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Oil Supply Chain. Frontiers in microbiology, 11, 561506.

Muangchinda, C., Chavanich, S., Viyakarn, V., Watanabe, K., Imura, S., Vangnai, A. S., & Pinyakong, O. (2015). Abundance and diversity of functional genes involved in the degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons in Antarctic soils and sediments around Syowa Station. Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

Isaac, P., Lozada, M., Dionisi, H. M., Estévez, M. C., & Ferrero, M. A. (2015). Differential expression of the catabolic nahAc gene and its effect on PAH degradation in Pseudomonas strains isolated from contaminated Patagonian coasts. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation.

Liu, Q., Tang, J., Bai, Z., Hecker, M., & Giesy, J. P. (2015). Distribution of petroleum degrading genes and factor analysis of petroleum contaminated soil from the Dagang Oilfield, China. Scientific Reports.

Mahro B., Müller R., Kasche V. (2012). Bioavailability—The Key Factor of Soil Bioremediation. Treat. Contam. Soil:181–195.

Sartoros C., Yerushalmi L., Béron P., Guiot S.R. (2015). Effects of Surfactant and Temperature on Biotransformation Kinetics of Anthracene and Pyrene. Chemosphere. 61:1042–1050.

Huang, Y., Xiao, L., Li, F., Xiao, M., Lin, D., Long, X., & Wu, Z. (2018). Microbial degradation of pesticide residues and an emphasis on the degradation of cypermethrin and 3-phenoxy benzoic acid: A review. In Molecules. 23(9):2313.

Laura, M., Snchez-Salinas, E., Dantn Gonzlez, E., & Luisa, M. (2013). Pesticide Biodegradation: Mechanisms, Genetics and Strategies to Enhance the Process. In Biodegradation - Life of Science.

Verma, J. P., Jaiswal, D. K., & Sagar, R. (2014). Pesticide relevance and their microbial degradation: a-state-of-art. In Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology.

Upadhyay, L. S. B., & Dutt, A. (2018). Microbial detoxification of residual organophosphate pesticides in agricultural practices. In Microbial Biotechnology.

Wu, G., Kang, H., Zhang, X., Shao, H., Chu, L., & Ruan, C. (2010). A critical review on the bio-removal of hazardous heavy metals from contaminated soils: Issues, progress, eco-environmental concerns and opportunities. In Journal of Hazardous Materials.

Стійкість мікроорганізмів природних екосистем до репрезентативних токсичних металів [Текст] : автореф. дис. ... канд. біол. наук : 03.00.07 / Прекрасна Євгенія Петрівна ; НАН України, Ін-т мікробіології і вірусології ім. Д. К. Заболотного. - Київ, 2016. - 22 с.: рис

Siddiquee, S., Rovina, K., & Azad, S. Al. (2015). Heavy Metal Contaminants Removal from Wastewater Using the Potential Filamentous Fungi Biomaspesticides: A Review. Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology.

Метрики статей

Завантаження метрик ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.