TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES OF UKRAINE AND INTEGRATION PROCESSES IN THE AGRARIAN SECTOR

K. S. ZAVALNIUK

Анотація


The agricultural sector plays an important role in the GDP of Ukraine. Prospects for the development of agriculture, compared with other countries, are explained by favourable climatic conditions and fertile black soils. However, slow adoption of new technologies and effective management systems in agrarian enterprises, as well as inconsistent actions of the government on implementation of agrarian reforms in Ukraine significantly slow down development of enterprises of above mentioned branches.

The relevance of the chosen topic consists in the study of dynamics of the development of agrarian enterprises under conditions of market transformations and in identifying objective reasons of their quantitative condition in modern realities. Therefore, the purpose of the article is to carry out quantitative analysis of agricultural enterprises in Ukraine. In the process of writing the article the following methods were used: analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, graphic, comparison and abstraction.

The article explains the essence of the concept «agricultural enterprises». It analyzes the dynamics of the number of agricultural enterprises in the past 10 years, as a result significant downward trend in their number was found. The tendencies of changes in their number, according to procedural and institutional types of management forms, were studied. Grouping of the agrarian units by area of agricultural lands was made; the dynamics of their number were highlighted.

The essence of the concept «agricultural holdings» is revealed, the analysis of their development in Ukraine is carried out. According to the study, the most numerous are farm enterprises, the least – government enterprises. It was also proved that, along with the above mentioned procedural and institutional types of management forms agricultural holding companies are important players on the modern agrarian market.


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