Н А Глуховська


The article is devoted to the abbreviations and shortening in modern English as the most productive for the lexical completion in general. The modern pace of life demands to convey a great bulk of information as quickly as possible, saving the space written. The most popular methods of shortening from structural and pragmatical points of view are taken into consideration. Shortening of words mean the formation of new ones by substituting a part of the word for a whole, affecting both separate words and word-groups. All shortened words function in the language as other ordinary words do, thus taking on specific grammatical inflections.


Аll of them can be divided according to the traditional division: graphical abbreviations, lexical shortenings, blends and splinters. Besides, all the new shortenings have to be familiar to an average customer in order to be recognized at once while reading them. But it should be kept in mind that they cannot be taken as a standard, though quite a lot of them are officially used everywhere. Having their own peculiarities in style, they demand some special skills from people, while being written. In general, shortening remains one of the most productive ways of writing new qualitative words because of their memorability and economy of written space.

Повний текст:



Causes and tendencies of English abbreviations. – [Електронний ресурс] – Режим доступу:

Encyclopedia Britannica / Britannica, 2012 Ultimate Reference Suite [2012, ENG] Год выпуска: 2012. ?здатель: Encyclopaedia Britannica (UK) Ltd. – [Електронний ресурс] – Режим доступу:

Jespersen, Otto.(1982).- Growth and Structure of the English Language. – Oxford:

Oxford University Press, – рp. 246 – 249.

New Hart’s Rules. The handbook of style for writers and editors. – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. – 167 pp.

A.Yskakov.(2003).- Shortening words (английская аббревиатура) / A.Yskakov // English. – Jan. № 4. – C. 23 – 31.

The Merriam. Webster Unabridged Dictionary. – [Електронний ресурс] – Режим доступу:

Arnold I.(1986) - The English Word. – M.: Vysshaya Shkola.

Bauer L. (1983).-English Word-Formation. – Cambridge: Cambridge University


Lyons J. (1968).-Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.