Правові засади управління санітарно-епідемічним благополуччям

М. П. Ліхтер

Анотація


LEGAL FUNDAMENTALS OF MANAGEMENT OF SANITARY-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL WELFARE

M.P. LIKHTER, PhD student

National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine

 

The issue of good governance sanitary and epidemiological welfare of particular relevance today, because the challenges of a military confrontation, instability of the economic situation, the threat of the spread of infectious diseases, etc., require a relevant increase in performance features to ensure proper environmental conditions of human life and her health.

Value management in that regard, it is difficult to overestimate, because it is about ensuring the conditions of life of society, its security, and therefore national security of Ukraine. Study the management of sanitary and epidemiological welfare will analyze the legislative support of appropriate relations existing scientific developments in this field and offer their own vision of ways to improve the management of legal regulation of sanitary and epidemiological welfare.

Under the management of sanitary and epidemiological welfare propose to understand activity of state bodies, local authorities and associations in the relations arising in connection with the provision of public health and the environment of human life, where incidence rates are in steady level this territory, favorable living conditions for the population and habitat factors parameters are within specified sanitary standards.

The governing bodies of sanitary and epidemiological welfare of general jurisdiction is the body to which the powers of the relevant provision of public health and the environment of human life is part of general management responsibilities. These agencies include the President of Ukraine, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, local state administrations and local authorities in terms of delegated powers.

To the authorities sanitary and epidemiological welfare of special competence, the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, State Service of Ukraine on drugs and drug control, the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection and its regional offices. The special powers to control in that regard, endowed with the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Ukraine, the State Service of Ukraine on Labor, State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine, the State Environmental Inspectorate of Ukraine.

The peculiarities of sanitary and epidemiological welfare are: 1) it is a derivative of environmental management and health management; 2) management functions in this area mainly endowed with government agencies of government whose activities are directed and coordinated various ministers; 3) management should be comprehensive, i.e. cover all components to ensure sanitary and epidemiological welfare (the relevant state of the environment of human life and health status).

With the current legislation can highlight the following features health management (combining them into groups): organizational – zoning, sanitary forecasting, state registration hazards, public records of diseases; security – health insurance, the state sanitary and epidemiological expertise; state sanitary and epidemiological supervision, socio-hygienic monitoring, sanitary controls, immunizations, sanitary protection in Ukraine, sanitary-epidemic forecasting), regulatory – sanitary regulation, licensing, information about the environment and health, organizing hygiene education, hygiene certification, hygienic regulation, mandatory medical checks.

Based on the research summarized the following proposals:

1. Create the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Service of Ukraine, having reorganized by transformation of the State Service of Ukraine on food safety and consumer protection.

2. Supplement n. 4 of the State Agency of Ukraine for restoration of Donbas claims. 25 «data collection and analysis on the need to ensure the rights on sanitary and epidemiological welfare».

3. Amend the Law of Ukraine «On ensuring sanitary and epidemiological welfare» Art. 101 «Public sanitary-epidemiological expertise».

To better understand the problematic aspects of sanitary and epidemiological welfare, to analyze the powers of the general and special competence in this area. This will be done in future studies.

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