Особливості правового регулювання рибного господарства в Україні

С. І. Марченко

Анотація


THE LEGAL REGULATION FEATURES OF FISHERIES IN UKRAINE

S. I. Marchenko, PhD, assistant professor

Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University

 

The relevance of the research of legal basis fisheries of Ukraine as one of the priority sectors of the national economy of Ukraine is caused by several legal, socio-economic and geopolitical factors. Fisheries of Ukraine plays an important role in ensuring food security of the state, where as effective growth of the fisheries and its components are fish farming (aquaculture) and fishing will contribute providing the population of Ukraine products of fish and other living aquatic resources, providing other industries with raw materials for the production of biologically active substances, medicinal preparations, food and technical products and solution to the problems of employment of the population.

The purpose of this article is to identify legal characteristics, peculiarities of legal regulation of fisheries in Ukraine.

The basis of fisheries are aquaculture and fishing, their legislative maintenance is carried out comprehensively.

Analysis of legislation and special literature reveal the following characteristics that are common to fish farming (aquaculture) and fisheries: a) the expeditionary nature of fishing operations and the seasonal nature of commodity fisheries; b) products offish farming and fishing belongs to agricultural products which predetermines its special legal regime; с) the specific object and subject composition; d) fish farming is regarded as a resource base for the fisheries, however, fisheries can be carried out for aquaculture purposes; e) created a special agency The State Agency of fisheries of Ukraine, which is the Central agency of Executive power. An important functions in the fisheries regulation are licensing, quotas, control in the field of fisheries management, etc.; is there special state support of fish farming (aquaculture) and fisheries.

To sum up the research, one can say that the fishing industry of Ukraine is strategic for the national economy. For the effective use of the potential of the fishing industry the specific features of the fish farming and fishing should be taken into account as separate types of agricultural business in the legal regulation of these relations.

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Reformuvannia rybnoho hospodarstva [Reform of Fisheries]. Available at: http://darg.gov.ua/files/1/Koncepciya_reformuvannya.pdf.

Law of Ukraine of September 18, 2012 «On aquaculture». Available at: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/5293-17.

Law of Ukraine of July 8, 2011 «On fisheries, commercial fisheries and the protection of water bioresources». Available at: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3677-17.

Law of Ukraine of February 19, 2004 «On the National Program of Fisheries of Ukraine for the period till 2010». Available at: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1516-15.

Law of Ukraine of February 6, 2003 «On fish, other aquatic living resources and food products are». Available at: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/486-15.

Law of Ukraine of March 22, 2001 «On approval of the National Program Protection and Rehabilitation of the Azov and Black Seas».. Available at: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2333-14.

Order of the State Agency for Fisheries of Ukraine of December 8, 1998 «On approval of rules for industrial fisheries in the Black Sea». Available at: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/z0147-99.

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of November 23, 2011 «On approval of the State Target Economic Program development of fisheries for 2012-2016». Available at: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1245-2011-п.

Resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of July 13, 2000 «On the Concept of Fisheries Ukraine». Available at: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/ru/1885-14.

Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of October 7, 2009 «Marine Doctrine of Ukraine till 2035». Available at: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1307-2009-п.

Law of Ukraine of January 18, 2001 «On stimulation of agricultural development for the period 2001-2004». Available at: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2238-14.

Law of Ukraine of February 21, 2006 «On protection of animals from cruelty». Available at: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3447-15.

Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of November 16, 2011 «On approval of rules of transportation of animals». Available at: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1402-2011-п.

Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of September 30, 2015 «On approval of the State Agency for Fisheries». Available at: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/895-2015-п.


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