Українська правова та політична думка за І. Лисяком-Рудницьким

Л. С. Протосавіцька




L. S. PROTOSAVITSKA, Candidate of Historical Sciences

National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine


The topicality is caused demand to study the process of Ukrainian national and state creation by I. Lysyak Rudnytsky. The purpose of the article is borrowed from literature sources and explore I. Lysiak-Rudnytsky’s political and legal views, to define the features of Ukrainian legal and political thought.

I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky argues in his writings that national character is formed historically. Thus, Ukraine is between East and West. According to scientists mind Kiev State has combined the eastern, Greek-Byzantine religious and cultural tradition of mainly western social and political structure.

I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky suggested that if independent Ukrainian state, was revived in 1917, resist, it would have joined the Western constitutional forms. The majority of the Ukrainian public wanted a democratic republic with a socialist signs, and conservative minority favored a constitutional monarchy. The scientist insisted that every public can and must become a nation. People are social phenomena, much older and longer than the nation.

There are also «stateless nations». Thus the study of the concept of «nation» I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky notes that the nation may consist of several populations as populations can fall into several nations. I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky things for nation dead, does not need physical destruction of ethnic array that creates its continuation. It is enough to have died away team will be a separate political entity.

All nations should be divided into historical and non-historical nation, Ukraine is attributed to non-historical nations of Central and Eastern Europe. I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky identifies four areas: democratic-populist, conservative, communist and integral-nationalist.

I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky sees populist features in the Society of United Slavs, and Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood. Scientists who developed the idea of federalism, according to I. Lysiak-Rudnytsky was M. Drahomanov. I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky considered Dragomanov to be non-Marxist socialists direction which put forward proposals for constitutional reorganization of federalism based on solid personal guarantees civil rights and self-government for regions and nationalities. M. Drahomanov hoped to secure the national interests of Ukraine federalization by two states – Russia and Austria-Hungary. The culmination of democratic-populist trend reached in 1917 revolutionary parliament of Ukraine – the Central Council was the direct descendant of the line, which launched Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood, and developed and substantiated by M. Drahomanov. Central Council with its Universal stood in positions of autonomy and federalization of the Russian state.

As for the second direction of conservatism Ukrainian political thought - the first manifestation of modern conservatism, according to I. Lysiak-Rudnytsky was «history of Rus'», which reflects the thinking of a large left-bank Nobility – descendants of Cossack. The highest expression of conservative inclinations was P. Skoropadsky government in 1918. V. Lypynskyy was a supporter of conservatism. He defended the immutability features elite in every organized society, especially in every state; he saw the future Ukraine as an independent constitutional monarchy with differentiated class structure led by a layer of wealthy farmers. I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky investigated the third line of Ukrainian political thought – communism and argued that the Ukrainian communism had pre-revolutionary roots, but Ukrainian communists fell defend national and state interests of their homeland. The main work of Ukrainian national communism – Sergey Mazlyaha and Vasily Shahray treatise «To wave. What is happening in Ukraine and with Ukraine». This work contained a sharp criticism of the Bolsheviks ambiguous policy towards Ukraine and completed a program of building an independent Ukrainian Soviet republic that enters into an alliance with Soviet Russia and other socialist states on the basis of genuine equality.

The fourth line for I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky – integral nationalism. Nationalist movement, according to the scientist, was born in 1920 in reaction to the defeat of the competition for the independence of Ukraine. Nationalists urged nurture «new spirit» of uncompromising militancy and resolute affirmation of the primacy of national interests.

Publicist who had a decisive influence on the formation of the ideology of Ukrainian integral nationalism was Dmytro Dontsov. National ideas were also permeated OUN program documents. I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky argued that although Ukrainian integral nationalism grew on the local basis, it took a sample of the fascist movements and regimes in the West.

So, summing up, we can say that I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky draws attention to the distinction between the state and the nation, calling the recent concept of something deeper – not all states deserve the name of the nation. Notes that the nation may consist of several population as population that fall into several nations. I. Lysyak-Rudnytsky divided nations into «historical» and «non-historical» to the last, he completed a Ukrainian. In addition, he identifies four trends that influenced the development of historical events in Ukraine in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: democratic-populist, conservative, communist and integral-nationalist.

Повний текст:



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