Про аксіологічні аспекти сучасного аграрного права

А. М. Статівка

Анотація


ABOUT AXIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN AGRARIAN LAW

A. M. STATIVKA, Doctor of Law Sciences, Professor

Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University

 

As the title implies the article describes the dynamism of the modern agrarian law. This areas of law directs and develops on the basis of the modern principles, as a fundamental and guiding legal requirements, which determines the essence and direction of mechanism of legal regulation of the agrarian relationships, which are the subject of regulation of this branch of law. It should be displayed legal axiological aspects, which have methodological significance for the agrarian science. Because of the importance of agriculture law in the current conditions, has raised a number of issues, which have methodological significance, i.e. approaches to the solution of the axiological problems of the modern agrarian law, its values and further development as an independent branch of law in the national legal system.

The purpose of this article is to present general thoughts about some of the axiological aspects, the disclosure of the nature and the definition of their system in agrarian law.

It is dealt with the study of axiological aspects in the agrarian law, has important theoretical and practical significance. It not only sets the material, economical and social basis and justification of the functioning of the agrarian law in national law, the objective properties of its normativity, the institutional relationship with society and government, but also its spiritual aspects. The role of law can’t understand without value approach in human, social and cultural progress, to understand and explain the manifestation of continuity in the agrarian law, the relationship between law and social controls in the society and the combination of the interests of the farmer and society.

The author notes that in the case of axiological aspects in the agrarian law, it’s necessary to decide on their types and species. The type values should be viewed as a group of values that characterize the object of legal regulation and its legal content, self that mediates the relationship. To determine the type of the values is to allocate within a single type of values, these values, along with general characteristics, inherent only to this type, have specific characteristics in relation to subject specific agrarian relations.

It’s seen that the axiological (values) aspects of modern agrarian law appropriate to consider through a prism of two types of values there are legal and spiritual. However, within each of these types of values in the agrarian law should be allocated and the types of values.

To the legal type values of the agrarian law are the following values: environmental, economic and social.

The environmental dimension values in the agrarian law is to preserve and protect the environment in the process of implementing the production processes and in the formation of value-normative exaltation of the persons’ life and health, regardless of its status and social position.

It is shown that a form of axiological aspect in the agrarian law is economic. The exponent of the given values there are forms a legally enshrined rights and freedoms. The latter includes science-based methodological approach to claim that personal interest is an important factor of influence on production processes and the efficiency of production relations. However, all this testifies to the universal value, the reference priority of private property and economic freedom of man.

In axiological aspects in the agrarian law as a social phenomenon, the author considers the view of social values. The latter includes not just common values such as freedom, equality, justice, democracy, order, security, peace, and values that are associated with a specific person. The legal form are legal rights and freedoms of the citizen.

Along with legal type of the axiological aspects of agricultural law, is explored the spiritual type values. The proposed typology (classification) of the values in the agrarian law, allows us to determine how the nature and role of legal values, and the nature and role of spiritual values in the context of other values.

The spiritual type of the values in the agrarian law viewed through the prism of two types: a) ethical; b) theological. Thus, the moral-ethical dimension value in agrarian law is the system of beliefs, ideas and evaluations that affect the behavior of people is a form of social consciousness. The essence of theological (theological) view of values is in the theoretical presentation, interpretation and justification of some religious views that are contained in the religious norms of Canon law in the context of development of agrarian relations, the influence of religious norms on contemporary agricultural law.

Сonclusions are drawn that the analysis of the axiological aspects of agricultural law, shows that they are not in contradiction with practical agricultural activities. On the contrary, they affect the further development of agrarian relations which are undergoing major changes and continue to transform.

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