LEGAL GUARANTEES OF PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND CITIZEN IN THE DECISIONS OF THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

О.С. Яра

Анотація


LEGAL GUARANTEES OF PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND CITIZEN IN THE DECISIONS OF THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

О.S. Yara

The article is devoted to certain aspects of legal guarantees of protection of the rights of man and citizen in accordance with the requirements of the Convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, other legal acts and practice of the European court.

Key words: legal guarantees, protection of the rights of man and citizen, legal acts, the European court.

 

The state, enshrined in the Constitution, the attained level of personal freedom has taken responsibility for ensuring and guaranteeing the rights and freedoms, and is responsible to the individual for its activity. Entry into the European political, economic and legal space defined in the strategic priority of Ukraine's foreign policy. The achievement of this objective should contribute to the implementation of our state of the Copenhagen and Madrid criteria, according to which the European Parliament recognized the right of every European country that recognizes the provisions of article 6 paragraph 1 of the Agreement on the establishment of the European Union to join the European Union after they meet several criteria, one of which is the stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights and protection of minority rights. The level of democracy in society is determined by the place of the court in system of bodies of state power and its role in the protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, it is the court that is intended to ensure the effectiveness of the restoration of violated rights and freedoms of the individual, and the presence of an independent judiciary is a necessary condition for the existence of the democratic legal state.

Consequently, in the modern legal science is actively shaping the direction of research, whose main aim is development of scientific bases of adaptation as the doctrinal provisions and the normative array of domestic legal science associated with the protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen. This process was joined by scientists of various branches of law (administrative, constitutional, criminal, civil).

However, the problem of legal protection of human rights, the mechanism for its implementation in legal science is relevant in connection with a number of contentious issues that arise in the process of applying by the courts of legal rules concerning the protection of the rights and lawful interests of a person.

The objective of the article is the analysis of the Convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, other legal acts and practice of the European court to expand the application of their provisions in the protection of human rights.

However, seen the need to expand the application of the provisions of the Convention as a guarantee on the part of our state in providing basic principles of protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen in accordance with European practice.

Conclusions. Thus, taking into account the above considerations, we can conclude that the right to the protection of individual rights guaranteed by the Constitution, laws of Ukraine and international legal acts ratified by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. The Convention enshrines the highest values of humanity – fundamental rights and fundamental freedoms of man , interpreted by the court, which constitute the core of the supranational and national law. The Convention's rules are norms of direct action, and because the practice of the European court of justice is created and operates under its regulations and protocols, based on the interpretation of its norms and used in connection with them. The presence of the rule of law establishes a mechanism of realization of the human right to defense in court and provides the possibility of individuals to the European court.

Our country needs to expand the application of the provisions of the Convention as a guarantee of the state in ensuring fundamental principles for the protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen in accordance with European practice.


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