LEGAL CONCEPTS AND SYMPTOMS ACCOUNTING OBJECTS AND SUBSTANCES HARMFUL EFFECT ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN UKRAINE

Є.О. Щиглов

Анотація


LEGAL CONCEPTS AND SYMPTOMS ACCOUNTING OBJECTS AND SUBSTANCES HARMFUL EFFECT ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN UKRAINE

Schyhlov E. A.

Annotation. The article is devoted to clarifying the legal nature of accounting objects and substances that adversely affect the state of the environment in Ukraine. It is noted that the record of this can be seen as objective and subjective categories. As an objective category such records system serves the function of law and state environmental management. As a subjective category such records should be viewed through a set of special powers arising under environmental relations. The author definition of accounting objects and substances that adversely affect the state of the environment.

Keywords: accounting objects that bad influence on the state of the environment, substances that adversely affect the state of the environment, public registries, state inventories.

 

Statement of the problem. According to Art. 24 of the Law of Ukraine "On Environmental Protection" of 25 June 1991, objects that adversely affect or may affect the environment, the type and amount of pollutants entering the environment, species and sizes of harmful physical and biological impacts on it are subject to state registration. This legal provision requires a detailed scientific analysis, because, as of today, the state is no comprehensive theoretical and legal regulation of this type of accounting, which was the basis for the selection of subjects aim of this study.

Presentation of the basic material. Accounting objects and substances that adversely affect the state of the environment is a complex phenomenon of social reality consists entirely of separate categories of "accounting", "objects that adversely affect the state of the environment" and "substance adversely affect the state of the environment ", where the" record "is defined as a properly organized system of collection, accumulation, processing, grouping, summarizing and recording (fixation) required information or aggregate data, o reflect a quantitative or qualitative description of events, occurrences, facts, processes, facilities and so on.

The concept of the same objects and substances that adversely affect the state of the environment today are defined by the Law of Ukraine "On objects of increased danger" and their lists – Annex 2 to the Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chornobyl accident on February 23, 2006 № 98 on approval of Procedures of identification of potentially hazardous objects and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated August 28, 2013 № 808 on approval of the list of actively STI and objects of high environmental hazard.

It is noted that the record of this can be seen as objective and subjective categories. As an objective category such records system serves the function of law and state environmental management. As a subjective category such records should be viewed through a set of special powers arising under environmental relations.

It is established that the inclusion of objects and substances harmful influence on the state of the environment - a system regulated by law remedy environmental security, implemented within the ecological relationships, through targeted activities specially authorized state and self-governing bodies, organizations and entities whose purpose is the collection, processing and presentation of consolidated statistical reporting of emissions and discharges of pollutants and to develop , Examination, analysis and evaluation of technical regulations - ecological passport of the enterprise, security or passport declaration waste, etc. - that allows you to set the level of environmental risk of different types of materials and facilities requirements of environmental safety and entering them into the special state (branch) registers Ukraine that serve one of the tools to prevent occurrence of emergency situations of technogenic and natural character.


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References

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