Концепція вдосконалення нормативної бази проектування систем водоочистки шляхом урахування дії нештатних ситуацій

В. М. Штепа

Анотація


CONCEPT OF IMPROVING THE NORMATIVE BASIS OF DESIGNING WATER CLEANING SYSTEMS BY TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE ACTION OF NEGOTIATED SITUATIONS

V.  Shtepa

The worldwide emergency response has shown that emergency response efforts are becoming more costly and ineffective.

The main disadvantage of an existing system algorithm is that people, animals, territory, etc. can be polluted from time to time after the detection of harmful substances; stop the technological processes. The threat exists also for enterprises where there was no direct contamination - it can happen through transport, raw materials, etc.

At the same time, according to official statistics, in Ukraine annual losses from the impact of man-made and natural emergencies on multi-sectoral water supply make up 600-800 million UAH / annually in the monetary equivalent. Accordingly, the development of conceptual frameworks for taking into account the unpredictable factors on the processes of industrial wastewater purification with the aim of preventing their negative consequences minimization is an urgent issue of a state scale.

The purpose of the study is to substantiate and develop the concept of improving the normative basis for the design of water purification systems in order to take into account the effects of unusual situations on the basis of the use of combined technological potential (using two or more basic methods [1]) of electrochemical systems for the removal of pollutants.

The article analyzes the current legal and regulatory framework for assessing the ecological safety of discharges of waste water and the design of water treatment complexes, their conceptual inability to deal with unusual situations (NA); The terminology and criteria of the HC for sewage treatment systems are defined. Simulated simulation of designing of combined electrotechnical water treatment systems in the case of multicomponent effluents; the working method of water purification was used and the software of the expansion of the technological potential of anti-HC resistance was synthesized on the basis of the mathematical apparatus of the genetic algorithm, which allowed us to identify the prospect of the concept of cross-use (integration) of the various methods of removing pollutants. The algorithm of improvement of the normative base for creation (modernization) of combined electrotechnological systems of water purification is proposed.

Conclusions The concept and hardware-software development of the improvement of the normative basis for the design of water treatment systems will expand the limits of the use of potential capabilities of typical equipment due to the cross-action (integration) of different blocks (methods) of exposure to the pollutant (simulation modeling has established that the potential technological resource will be about 10% solution) that will prevent the preventive elimination of the adverse effects of unusual situations of man-made and natural origin, to set the complex requirements on resource efficiency and industrial water purification equipment operation.


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