LACTATION TETANY IN HORSES (CLINICAL SIGNS, TREATMENT, PREVELACTATION TETANY IN HORSES (CLINICAL SIGNS, TREATMENT, PREVENTION)NTION)



V. BORODYNIA, L. LOBODINA

Анотація


The publication covers the clinical signs and flow of lactation
tetany of horses, applied treatment of sick animals and prevention of this
pathology. The degree of manifestation of clinical signs in lactation tetany
corresponds to the concentration of ionized calcium in the blood serum of mare.
For the mild form of the course of lactation tetany, the only sign of the disease may
be increased excitability of the animal. In severe forms in sick horses there is a
complex of typical clinical signs for hypocalcemic tetany. The amount of calcium in
the serum in the initial stage of the disease, when the excitation of the animal is
observed> 8 mg%; with the appearance of spasm signs - 5-8 mg%; lying position
and numbness - <5 mg%. If there is no applying of timely treatment, the disease
progresses with a mortal term within 24-48 hours. The preliminary diagnosis is
based on data from anamnesis, clinical signs of the disease and response to
specific treatment. The final diagnosis requires confirmation of low levels of ionized
calcium in serum. For therapeutic purposes, for the mares is given intravenous
introduction of calcium solutions, symptomatic treatment. Preventive measures are
providing the sufficient amounts of calcium and phosphorus and their correlation in
feed during the entire period of pregnancy and feeding the foals.
Keywords: horses, mares, lactation tetany, clinical signs,
treatment, prevention


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