BIOMOTPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF HIP JOINT (SKELETON, LIGAMENTS, MUSCLES) OG PINK FLAMINGO



N. V. DRUZ, K. S. SAVCHUK

Анотація


This work is devoted to the study of the biomorphological features
of hip joint, namely, it's skeleton, ligaments, muscles. The study of the peculiarities
of the locomotive apparatus of birds in line with other animals makes it pissible to
understand phylogeny as an adaptive process, which forms the basis of evolution
in general meaning. The article gives a theoretical generalization of the features of
the hip joint's structure of birds, which are characterized by different types of
biomorphological adaptations, namely the type and speed of ground movement in
the medium of exastance. This allows to conduct from new position an analysis of
processes of differentiation and transformation of the hip joint’s muscles and
features of skeletal elements of birds that function and develop under the influence
of various external features.
There are described generalizated of the original systematic
morphological study of the hip joint elements, as the main apparatus of the
bipedal locomotion of the class of birds. For the first time, detailed comparative
description of the skeletal, ligaments and muscles of the hip joint of the pink
flamingo is presented. The biomorphological features of the muscles, acting on
the hip joint of the pink flamingo were investigated. It was establushed, the that
degree of differentiation of the muscles is due to the walking type of bipolar
locomotion, as well as the biomorphological features of the static, which in turn
imposes certain imprints on the degree of development of each individual
muscle.
Keywords: birds, bones, hip joint, illiac bone, femur bone, skeleton
,ligaments, muscles, locomotion, pink flamingo


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