Т. A. Mazurkevych, V. T. Khomych


The aim of the study was to determine the structure and topography
of lymphoid tissue in immune formations of the intestines (Peyer’s patches, Meckel’s
diverticulum, apical diverticula) in the postnatal period of ducks’ ontogenesis.
Established that lymphoid tissue in these organs located in the tunica mucosa and
tunica muscularis of the intestines’ wall. From the one-day age of duck, the lymphoid
tissue is found in the tunica mucosa of all studied structures and in the tunica
muscularis of the apical diverticula, and in the tunica muscularis from 10–20-days of
age in the location of Peyer’s patches and the Meckel’s diverticulum. Lymphoid tissue
has three levels of structural organization. These are diffuse lymphoid tissue, primary
lymphoid nodules and secondary lymphoid nodules. The presence of all levels of the
structural organization of lymphoid tissue indicates its complete morphofunctional
maturity. The complete morphofunctional maturity of the mucosal lymphoid tissue of
Peyer's patches is reached on the 15 day of ducks’ age, the mucosal lymphoid tissue of
the Meckel diverticulum on the 20-day of age, and in the apical diverticula on the 10-
day of age. The complete morphofunctional maturity of the muscular lymphoid tissue
of Peyer's patches is reached on the 15–25 days of ducks’ age, the muscular lymphoid
tissue of the Meckel diverticulum on the 25-day of age, and in the apical diverticula
on the 10-day of age. The present article provides the first time data summarizing
the structure and topography of lymphoid tissue in the immune formations of the
intestines, such as Peyer’s patches, Meckel’s diverticulum and apical diverticula of the
Blahovarsky cross broiler ducks.
Keywords: ducks, intestine, Peyer’s patches, Meckel’s diverticulum, apical
diverticula, lymphoid tissue.

Повний текст:



Besoluk, K., Eken, E., Boydak, M., Tipir-

damaz, S. (2002). Morphological studies

on Meckel's diverticulum in geese (Anser

Anser Domesticus). Anatomia, Histologia,

Embryologia 31(5): 290–292.

Casteleyn, C., Doom, M., Lambrechts, E.,

Van den Broeck, W., Simoens, P., Cornillie,

P. (2010). Locations of gut-associated lym-

phoid tissue in the 3-month-old chicken: areview. Avian Pathology 39 (3): 143 – 150.

Day, M. J., Schultz, R. D. (2011). Veterinary

Immunology: Principles and Practice. Man-

son Publishing, London, 255.

Ievropeiska konventsiia pro zakhyst khrebe-

tnykh tvaryn, yaki vykorystovuiutsia dlia

eksperymentalnykh i naukovykh tsilei [Eu-

ropean convention for the protection of

vertebrate animals used for experimental

and other scientific purposes]. Strasburh,

ІІІ.1986. Available at; http://zakon4.



Forchielli, M. L., Walker, W. A. (2005). The

role of gut-associated lymphoid tissues and

mucosal defence. British Journal of Nutri-

tion. 93 (Suppl. I): 41–48.

Georgescu, B., Ciobotaru, E., Predoi, G.,

Cornila, N. (2007). Research concerning his-

tostructure of cecal tonsils in some species

of domestic birds. Lucrari Stiintifice Medici-

na Veterinara 40: 397–404.

Georgescu, B., Predoi, G., Cornila, N., Cio-

botaru, E., Belu, C., Dumitrescu, I. (2006).

Studies on Gross Morphology of Vitelline

Diverticulum (Meckel’s diverticulum) in

Several Avian Domestic Species Lucr. Şt.

Med. Vet. Timişoara, XXXIX: 388–393.

Glick, B. (1979). The avian immune system.

Avium disease, 23(2): 282–290.

Horal's'kyy, L. P., Khomych, V. T., Konons'kyy,

O. I. (2005). Osnovy histolohichnoyi tekh-

niky i morfofunktsional'ni metody dos-

lidzhen' u normi ta pry patolohiyi [Fun-

damentals of histological techniques and

morphological methods of investigation in

normal and pathological conditions]. Polis-

sya, Zhytomyr, 288 p. [in Ukrainian].

Jeurissen, S. H., Janse, E. M., Koch, G., De

Boer, G. F. (1989). Postnatal development

of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues

in chickens. Cell Tissue Res 258(1): 119–

Kaushansky, K., Lichtman, M. A., Prchal,

J. T., Levi, M. M., Press, O. W., Burns, L. J.,

Caligiuri, M. (2016). Williams Hematology,9th edn. McGraw-Hill Education, New York:

Kitamura, H., Sugimura, M., Hashimoto, Y.,

Yamano, S., Kudo, N. (1976). Distribution of

lymphatic tissues in duck caeca. Jap J of Vet

Res 24: 37–42.

McGarry, R. C., Bourns, T. K. R. (1980). An-

nular bands of lymphoid tissue in the intes-

tine of the mallard duck Anas platyrhyn-

chos. Journal of Morphology 163(1): 1–8.

Nagi, N., Olah, I. (2007). Pyloric tonsil as a

novel gut-associated lymphoepithelial or-

gan of the chicken J Anat, 211: 407–411.

Neutral, M. R., Mantis, N. J., Kraehenbuhl,

J.-.P. (2001). Collaboration of epithelial cells

with organized mucosal lymphoid tissue.

Nature Immunology, 2(11): 1004–1009.

Qi Bao-min, Shang Ying-hui, Bao Han-xun

(2009). The origin M cells of gut-associat-ed lymphoid tissue in semi-muscovy duck.

Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry

University (Natural Science Edition) 3.

Reese, S., Dalamani, G., Raspers, B. (2006).

The avian lung-associated immune system:

a review. Vet.Res. 37: 311–324.

Reznikov, O. H. (2003). Zahalni etychni

pryntsypy eksperymentiv na tvarynakh.

Pershyi natsionalnyi konhres z bioetyky

[General ethical principles of experiments

on animals. The first National Congress on

Bioethics]. Endokrynolohiia – Endocrinolo-

gy, Is. 8, 1, 142–145 (In Ukrainian)

Romeys, B. V. (1954). Mikroskopicheskaya

tehnika [Microscopic technology] 506. (In


Shawky, S. (2000). Target cells for duck en-

teritis virus in lymphoid organs. Avian Pa-

thology. 29(6): 609–616.

Метрики статей

Завантаження метрик ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.