Blood fatty acid composition in cows depending on the type of autonomic regulation in summer period



I. A. Hryshchuk, V. I. Karpovsky, V. V. Danchuk, R. V. Postoy, B. V. Gutyj, K. Kubiak, S. V. Міdyk, V. A. Trokoz

Анотація


Coordination of Physiological activity and intensity of metabolism of various organs and tissues of a Productive animal, depending on environmental conditions and own needs, is Provided by regulatory activity of the corresponding nerve centers. However, the features of autonomous regulation of the nervous system in this matter can have a significant impact not only on the Physiological activity of animals, but also on its Productivity. Therefore, the question of studying the influence of autonomous regulation on the animal body in general and the interaction of the autonomic system and lipid metabolism is quite relevant.

Groups of animals were formed by determining the state of the cardiovascular system according to Baevsky. Blood Plasma was used for the study, lipid extraction was Performed by the Folch method. Fatty acid analysis was Performed on a Trace GC Ultra gas chromatograph (USA) with a flame ionization detector.

Studies have shown that the relative content of saturated fatty acids (NFA) in the blood of normotonics was the highest, compared with other groups: sympathotonics – by 1.9%; vagotonics – 0.48%. Regarding the concentration of NLC in sympathotonics, it should be noted that the content of stearic acid in comparison with other groups was the highest (18.07 ± 0.0; 1 P < 0.001), and NLC from C6 to C16 were characterized by the lowest values in compared to other experimental groups (C6: 0, P < 0.05; C10: 0, P < 0.01; C16:0,  P <0.05).

The total content of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) in the blood Plasma of animals classified as sympathotonics and vagotonics was 1.19% and 0.49% higher, respectively, compared to that of normotonics. Quite interesting is the fact that sympathotonics were characterized by the highest content of Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), the content of which decreased in the range C18: 2n6 > C20: 4n6 > C18: 3n3 > C22: 6n3 > C22: 5n3, a similar sequence we observed in other groups, although the relative concentration of acids could fluctuate. Normotonics, even though they had the lowest content of NFA, compared to other experimental groups, still for some PUFA fatty acids (C18: 3n3, C22; 5n3, C22: 6n3) were characterized, compared to other groups, the highest rates (P < 0.05-0.01), while the NNLC (C18: 1n9, C20: 3n6) were the lowest.

Thus, the type of nervous activity has a significant effect on the ratio of fatty acids in the blood Plasma of cows and autonomous regulation affects the Processes in the animal's body.

Key words: cows, autonomous regulation, lipids, fatty acid composition

Повний текст:

PDF (English)

Посилання


Abdel-Hamid, S. E., Fattah, D. M. A., Ghanem, H. M., & Manaa, E. A. (2017). Temperament during milking Process and its effect on behavioral, Productive traits and biochemical Parameters in friesian dairy cows. Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci, 5(12), 508-513.

http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.aavs/2017/5.12.508.513

Alexandre, P. A., Reverter, A., Berezin, R. B., Porto-Neto, L. R., Ribeiro, G., Santana, M. H., ... & Fukumasu, H. (2020). Exploring the Regulatory Potential of Long Non-Coding RNA in Feed Efficiency of Indicine Cattle. Genes, 11(9), 997. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11090997

Altman, A. W. (2019). Relationships Between Animal Temperament and Systemic Immune Responses in Beef Cattle Exposed to Conditions Associated with Conventional Management. Animal and Food Sciences. 98 https://doi.org/10.13023/etd.2019.033

Antanaitis, R., Juozaitienė, V., Jonike, V., Čukauskas, V., Urbšienė, D., Urbšys, A., ... & Paulauskas, A. (2021). Relationship between Temperament and Stage of Lactation, Productivity and Milk Composition of Dairy Cows. Animals, 11(7), 1840. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11071840

Bernard, L., Toral, P. G., & Chilliard, Y. (2017). Comparison of mammary lipid metabolism in dairy cows and goats fed diets supplemented with starch, Plant oil, or fish oil. Journal of dairy science, 100(11), 9338-9351. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-12789

Bionaz, M., Vargas-Bello-Pérez, E., & Busato, S. (2020). Advances in fatty acids nutrition in dairy cows: From gut to cells and effects on Performance. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology, 11(1), 1-36. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40104-020-00512-8

Bouffiou, J., Boles, J. A., & Thomson, J. M. (2020). Investigating the Relationship Between Temperament and Performance Traits in Feedlot Cattle. Journal of Animal Science, 98, 383-383. https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skaa278.674

Carrell, R. C., Smith, W. B., Kinman, L. A., Mercadante, V. R., Dias, N. W., & Roper, D. A. (2021). Cattle stress and Pregnancy responses when imposing different restraint methods for conducting fixed time artificial insemination. Animal Reproduction Science, 225, 106672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2020.106672

Chang, Y., Brito, L. F., Alvarenga, A. B., & Wang, Y. (2020). Incorporating temperament traits in dairy cattle breeding Programs: challenges and opportunities in the Phenomics era. Animal Frontiers, 10(2), 29-36. https://doi.org/10.1093/af/vfaa006

Chen, X., Ogdahl, W., Hanna, L. L. H., Dahlen, C. R., Riley, D. G., Wagner, S. A., ... & Sun, X. (2021). Evaluation of beef cattle temperament by eye temperature using infrared thermography technology. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 188, 106321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2021.106321

Colditz, I. G. (2021). Adrenergic tone as an intermediary in the temperament syndrome associated with flight speed in beef cattle. Frontiers in Animal Science, 2, 6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fanim.2021.652306

Danchuk, O. V., Karposvkii, V. I., Tomchuk, V. A., Zhurenko, O. V., Bobryts’ka, O. M., & Trokoz, V. O. (2020). Temperament in cattle: a method of evaluation and main characteristics. Neurophysiology, 52(1), 73-79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11062-020-09853-6

Estévez-Moreno, L. X., Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Villarroel, M., García, L., Abecia, J. A., Santolaria, P., & María, G. A. (2021). Revisiting cattle temperament in beef cow-calf systems: Insights from farmers’ Perceptions about an autochthonous breed. Animals, 11(1), 82. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11010082

Fernandez-Novo, A., Pérez-Garnelo, S. S., Villagrá, A., Pérez-Villalobos, N., & Astiz, S. (2020). The effect of stress on reproduction and reproductive technologies in beef cattle—A review. Animals, 10(11), 2096. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112096

Folch J, Leez M, Stanley G. A Simple Method for the Isolation and Purification of Total Lipides from Animal Tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 1957; 226 (2):497-501.

Fortin, É., Blouin, R., Lapointe, J., Petit, H. V., & Palin, M. F. (2017). Linoleic acid, α-linolenic acid and enterolactone affect lipid oxidation and expression of lipid metabolism and antioxidant-related genes in hepatic tissue of dairy cows. British Journal of Nutrition, 117(9), 1199-1211. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114517000976

Hemphill, C. H., Reuter, R. R., Neel, J. P., & Goodman, L. (2020). Effects of acclimation on cattle response to humans while being handled [1]. Journal of Animal Science, 98, 61-62. https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz397.140

Kairenius, P., Leskinen, H., Toivonen, V., Muetzel, S., Ahvenjärvi, S., Vanhatalo, A., ... & Shingfield, K. J. (2018). Effect of dietary fish oil supplements alone or in combination with sunflower and linseed oil on ruminal lipid metabolism and bacterial Populations in lactating cows. Journal of dairy science, 101(4), 3021-3035. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-13776

Lees, A. M., Salvin, H. E., Colditz, I., & Lee, C. (2020). The influence of temperament on body temperature response to handling in Angus cattle. Animals, 10(1), 172. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10010172

Li, X., Li, Y., Ding, H., Dong, J., Zhang, R., Huang, D., ... & Li, X. (2018). Insulin suppresses the AMPK signaling Pathway to regulate lipid metabolism in Primary cultured hepatocytes of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Research, 85(2), 157-162. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002202991800016X

Libis-Márta K, Póti P, Egerszegi I, Bodnár Á, Pajor F. (2021) Effect of selected factors (body weight, age, parity, litter size and temperament) on the entrance order into the milking parlour of Lacaune ewes, and its relationship with milk production. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences. 30(2):111-118. https://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/135727/2021

Marçal-Pedroza, M. G., Campos, M. M., Sacramento, J. P., Pereira, L. G. R., Machado, F. S., Tomich, T. R., ... & Sant'Anna, A. C. (2021). Are dairy cows with a more reactive temperament less efficient in energetic metabolism and do they Produce more enteric methane? Animal, 15(6), 100224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.animal.2021.100224

Martin, D. M., Moraes, R. F., Cintra, M. C. R., Lang, C. R., Monteiro, A. L. G., Oliveira, L. B. D., ... & Weiblen, R. (2021). Beef cattle behavior in integrated crop-livestock systems. Ciência Rural, 52. https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20210143

Meléndez, D. M., Marti, S., Haley, D. B., Schwinghamer, T. D., & Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K. S. (2021). Effects of conditioning, source, and rest on indicators of stress in beef cattle transported by road. Plos one, 16(1), e0244854. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244854

Mincu, M., Gavojdian, D., Nicolae, I., Olteanu, A. C., & Vlagioiu, C. (2021). Effects of milking temperament of dairy cows on Production and reproduction efficiency under tied stall housing. Journal of Veterinary Behavior. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 44, 12—17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2021.05.010

Parham, J. T., Blevins, S. R., Tanner, A. E., Wahlberg, M. L., Swecker Jr, W. S., & Lewis, R. M. (2021). Subjective methods of quantifying temperament in heifers are indicative of Physiological stress. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 234, 105197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2020.105197

Sant’Anna, A. C., Valente, T. D. S., Magalhães, A. F. B., Espigolan, R., Ceballos, M. C., de Albuquerque, L. G., & Paranhos da Costa, M. J. R. (2019). Relationships between temperament, meat quality, and carcass traits in Nellore cattle. Journal of animal science, 97(12), 4721-4731. https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz324

Shanks, P. (2021). Influence of dietary manipulation on the relationship between temperament measures and growth in beef cattle: endophyte exposure, phytogenic supplementation, and controlled feeding. Theses and Dissertations – Animal and Food Sciences. 131. https://doi.org/10.13023/etd.2021.293

Smith, P., Carstens, G., Runyan, C., Ridpath, J., Sawy–—er, J., & Herring, A. (2021). Effects of Multivalent BRD Vaccine Treatment and Temperament on Performance and Feeding Behavior Responses to a BVDV1b Challenge in Beef Steers. Animals, 11(7), 2133. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11072133

Ujita, A., Seekford, Z., Kott, M., Goncherenko, G., Dias, N. W., Feuerbacher, E., ... & Mercadante, V. R. (2021). Habituation Protocols Improve Behavioral and Physiological Responses of Beef Cattle Exposed to Students in an Animal Handling Class. Animals, 11(8), 2159. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11082159

Danchuk, V. V. (2006) "Peroksydne okysnennia u silskohospodarskykh tvaryn i Ptytsi." Kamianets–Podilskyi: Abetka 192.

Vinyard, J. R., Sarmikasoglou, E., Bennett, S. L., Arce-Cordero, J. A., Aines, G., Estes, K., & Faciola, A. P. (2021). Adaptation of in vitro methodologies to estimate the intestinal digestion of lipids in ruminants. Translational Animal Science, 5(3), txab135. https://doi.org/10.1093/tas/txab135

Xin, X. B., Yang, S. P., Li, X., Liu, X. F., Zhang, L. L., Ding, X. B., ... & Guo, H. (2020). Proteomics insights into the effects of MSTN on muscle glucose and lipid metabolism in genetically edited cattle. General and comparative endocrinology, 291, 113237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2019.113237

Zeineldin, M., Barakat, R., Elolimy, A., Salem, A. Z., Elghandour, M. M., & Monroy, J. C. (2018). Synergetic action between the rumen microbiota and bovine health. Microbial Pathogenesis, 124, 106-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2018.08.038

Sinyak K.M., Orgel M.Ya., Kruk V.I. (1976) Method for the preparation of blood lipids for gas chromatographic research // Lab. a business. 1. 37–41.


Метрики статей

Завантаження метрик ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Посилання

  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.