Blood fatty acid composition in cows depending on the type of autonomic regulation in summer period

I. A. Hryshchuk, V. I. Karpovsky, V. V. Danchuk, R. V. Postoy, B. V. Gutyj, K. Kubiak, S. V. Міdyk, V. A. Trokoz


Coordination of Physiological activity and intensity of metabolism of various organs and tissues of a Productive animal, depending on environmental conditions and own needs, is Provided by regulatory activity of the corresponding nerve centers. However, the features of autonomous regulation of the nervous system in this matter can have a significant impact not only on the Physiological activity of animals, but also on its Productivity. Therefore, the question of studying the influence of autonomous regulation on the animal body in general and the interaction of the autonomic system and lipid metabolism is quite relevant.

Groups of animals were formed by determining the state of the cardiovascular system according to Baevsky. Blood Plasma was used for the study, lipid extraction was Performed by the Folch method. Fatty acid analysis was Performed on a Trace GC Ultra gas chromatograph (USA) with a flame ionization detector.

Studies have shown that the relative content of saturated fatty acids (NFA) in the blood of normotonics was the highest, compared with other groups: sympathotonics – by 1.9%; vagotonics – 0.48%. Regarding the concentration of NLC in sympathotonics, it should be noted that the content of stearic acid in comparison with other groups was the highest (18.07 ± 0.0; 1 P < 0.001), and NLC from C6 to C16 were characterized by the lowest values in compared to other experimental groups (C6: 0, P < 0.05; C10: 0, P < 0.01; C16:0,  P <0.05).

The total content of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) in the blood Plasma of animals classified as sympathotonics and vagotonics was 1.19% and 0.49% higher, respectively, compared to that of normotonics. Quite interesting is the fact that sympathotonics were characterized by the highest content of Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), the content of which decreased in the range C18: 2n6 > C20: 4n6 > C18: 3n3 > C22: 6n3 > C22: 5n3, a similar sequence we observed in other groups, although the relative concentration of acids could fluctuate. Normotonics, even though they had the lowest content of NFA, compared to other experimental groups, still for some PUFA fatty acids (C18: 3n3, C22; 5n3, C22: 6n3) were characterized, compared to other groups, the highest rates (P < 0.05-0.01), while the NNLC (C18: 1n9, C20: 3n6) were the lowest.

Thus, the type of nervous activity has a significant effect on the ratio of fatty acids in the blood Plasma of cows and autonomous regulation affects the Processes in the animal's body.

Key words: cows, autonomous regulation, lipids, fatty acid composition

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