Approximation of growth indicators and analysis of individual growth curves by linear dimensions of tubular bones in chickens of meat production direction during postnatal period of ontogenesis



S. A. Tkachuk, L. B. Savchuk, O. S. Pasnichenko

Анотація


To study the growth dynamics of poultry body weight, classical growth models of Gompertz were used, in particular for the growth and development of birds, Bertalanffy, Richards and hyperbolastic models to quantify the growth processes of biological objects.

The research material was tubular bones of the sternum (humerus, ulna and radius) and pelvic (femurl, tibia and tarsal-metatarsal) limbs of poultry meat production (chickens-broiler and laying hens of the parent flock of crossbred broilers Cobb-500) of different age groups. postnatal period of ontogenesis.

To solve this goal, to obtain growth curves and identify special points (extrema, inflections, etc.) to build a picture of the overall development of the body as a whole and individual limb bones, a corresponding regression analysis of experimental data based on known growth models. The most biologically suitable growth models for describing the growth dynamics of the body as a whole and individual studied bones were determined.

The absence of a unified growth model of linear parameters of different tubular bones of meat-producing chickens in the postnatal period of ontogenesis was established. Hence the need for a clear selection of growth models taking into account age, species, breed, housing conditions and feeding of poultry.

The growth model that best describes the body weight dynamics of chickens-broiler is the hyperbolastic growth model of the H3 type, and the laying hens of the parent broiler herd are the Brody growth model.

Key words: growth models, tubular bones, body weight, meat-producing chickens.


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