BIOMORPHOLOGY OF HIP JOINT BONES AND MUSCLES, WHICH ACT ON IT, IN SOME SPECIES OF RALLIDAE BIRDS FAMILY – FAMILA RALLIDAE



O. P. Melnyk, N. V. Druz

Анотація


Biomorphological features of bones of hip joint and muscles which act on it of some species of the famila rallidae were stated on the basis of comparative anatomical analysis. It was defined that the bones which form the hip joint of the studied species of birds are differ in shape and size. Among the investigated famila rallidae, the internal structure of the proximal part of the thigh bone and the area of glenoid cavity is different, as well as location of trabecules of compact and spongy substances. The development of muscles and muscle groups that act on the hip joint depends on the load during staticolocomotion.


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