Біоморфологія кісток плечового суглоба деякихпредставників ряду лелекоподібних

О. О. Мельник, ВОЙЦЕХ КІНДА, ДОМІНІКА КУБЯК

Анотація


BIOMORPHOLOGY OF BONES OF THE SHOULDER JOINT
OF SOME REPRESENTATIVE OF HERONS ORDER

 

O. Melnyk, W. Kinda, D. Kubiak

 

Abstract.Theresultsandanalysisofbiomorphologicalresearchofbonyelementsoftheshoulderjointofsomerepresentativesof a heronsorderarerepresentedinthearticle. Osteometricand X-rayexaminationsofbonesoftheshoulderjointwereconducted. Digitalmaterialwasstatisticallyprocessedbymeansofcomputerprogram "BIOM". Inordertoconductfunctionalanalysis, wedeterminedtheratioofbonestructuresoftheshoulderjointtogether, whichallowedustounderstandthecertainpatternsofdevelopment. Tounderstandtheinternalstructureandplacingofcompactandspongysubstancesandthetypesofbranchingoftrabeculaeofspongysubstanceintheskeletalstructuresoftheshoulderjointofbirds, X-rayexaminationsperformed. Skeletalstructuresoftheshoulderjointoftheinvestigatedbirds’ specieshavesomedifferencesofinternalstructureconsistingofunequalthicknessofcompactsubstanceandthepresenceofdifferenttypesoftrabeculaebranchingduetosolelyinfluenceonthemthelargerorthesmallerfunctionalload, which, initsturn, iscausedbytheadaptationtothespecifictypeof a flight, itsspeedandduration. As a resultof X-raystudiespatternsoftheplacingofcompactanddifferenttypesofspongysubstanceintheskeletalstructuresoftheshoulderjointofbirdshadbeenfound. Besides, thedegreeofdevelopmentofthecompactsubstanceinthosestructureswasdefinedbyusingtheplaneradiometrymethod.


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