Сучасні аспекти грижоносійства у свиней в умовах свинарського комплексу

В. І. КОЗІЙ, М. П. ЧОРНОЗУБ

Анотація


MODERN ASPECTS OF HERNIA DISTRIBUTION IN PIGS
ON THE PIG COMPLEX

 

V. Koziy, M. Chornozub

 

Abstract. The aim of the study was to clarify the structure hernia distribution and etiological role of genetic factors for scrotum-inguinal hernia in pigs. There were conducted the research and analysis of records in the primary accounting documents in modern pig complex during the 2012-2013 years.

It was found that among the 335 cases identified at the farm 86.6% were inguinal-scrotal, 11.9 - umbilical, and 1.5% - other hernias. Among all the affected patients the piglets before weaning accounted for the biggest share of scrotum-inguinal hernias (92.2%). It was established that after castration of males by bloody closed-open method among the scrotal- inguinal hernias in pigs there were dominated unresetted fixed (76.8%). The vast majority of affected animals with scrotal-inguinal hernias (93.4%) were the descendants of hogs of hybrid meat breed. The male piglets, the offspring of boars hybrids, showed the thickening of the spermatic cord by increasing the thickness of the external (and sometimes internal) cremaster, accompanied by an increase in the size of the internal inguinal ring and intravaginal occurrence of hernias.

We believe that a promising area of future research is the developing of monitoring of boar meat hybrid and researching the algorithms for the estimation of spermatic cord and the inguinal canal structure to prevent hernia in piglets.


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