Seasonal dynamics of podzolized chernozem stocks in the west forest steppe of Ukraine under different agriculture use

Ganna Mаtviiv, Yuriy Kravchenko

Анотація


In the article were presented results of seasonal stocks and content moisture dynamics in 0-40 cm layer of podzolized chernozem from the West Forest Steppe of Ukraine under different use in agrocoenosis, through the example of stationary research of prof. M. K. Shikula Department of soil science and soil conservation in Ie. Khrapliviy Zhalistchiky agricultural college. The study was carried out in areas with field crop rotation (winter wheat), vegetable crop rotation (beet) and garden (apple-trees). The moisture content depends on the properties of the soil-particle size and chemical composition, structuring, density, porosity, soil organic matter and colloids, the state of its surface moisture capacity, permeability, lifting capacity. It was found, that the soil water storages depend on rainfalls, crop growth phases, soil layers. This soil moisture is virtually the only source for water provision for terrestrial plants. Therefore, the study and development of humidity control measures in podzolized chernozem is an integral part of soil-genetical, agrochemical and environmental studies. The highest dynamics and water storages were admitted at an apple garden.

Ключові слова


soil moisture, field capacity, podzolized chernozem, available water capacity, tillage, crop rotations

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Посилання


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