Modelling of climate change mitigation policies on national scale

І. Okhremchuk

Анотація


MODELLING OF CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION POLICIES ON NATIONAL SCALE

I. Okhremchuk

The Kyoto Protocol, Paris agreement, concept of sustainable development are designed to solve global environmental problem and to limit the increase in global temperature to no more than 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius. Integrated assessment models use IPCC scenarios to forecast future greenhouse gas emissions, choose policies and regimes for greenhouse gas reduction in certain sector, analyze how greenhouse gas emissions will influence on different ecosystems, people’s health and states’ economy. Ecological security make directly influence on national security. If the world community will not solve the issue of global climate change, then the number of natural hazards will lead to a rise in poverty, armed conflicts, food shortages, rising numbers of refugees, etc. However, it is necessary to analyze and indicate countries’ capacity to implement climate mitigation policies successfully, because corrupt, undemocratic with self-surviving values and unequal rights country has low possibilities to  provide a successful implementation of climate mitigation policies.

Keywords: IPCC scenarios, The Kyoto Protocol, Paris agreement, Sustainable Development, implementation of the climate change mitigation policies, Integrated Assessment Models (IAM), climate change mitigation policies


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