Чагарникова рослинність цілинно-степових біотопів gівденно- та cередньо-cтепової підзон Тилігуло-Бузького межиріччя

Ю. Г. Дмитрук



Yu. Dmitruk


The agrarian transformation of the Black Sea steppes has transformed them into a mosaic agrarian landscape with frequent of the areas, which in varying degrees still retain the general features of steppe biotopes. The shrubs in them are represented by areas of continuous, or sparse shrub thickets, which grow predominantly in places of specific relief formations, which have an increased level of moisture.

Today, research on shrub vegetation is mostly botanical. System ecological research of modern shruby phytocoenoses, existing in the composition of the mosaic agro-landscape of the region, has not been conducted yet, which makes it impossible for them to have a clear structural, biotic and functional assessment.

The purpose of the work was to study the species composition and typology of shrub vegetation existing in the virgin-steppe plots in the territory of the southern and middle steppe sub-zones between rivers Tiligul-Bug .

Methods. The materials are the results of own research of the existing vegetation of the territory between rivers Tiligul-Bug, carried out in the period of 2013-2017, as well as retrospective (literary and reporting) data on vegetation records of this territory, individual herbarium collections and cartographic materials of different years. Additionally, various factual materials were used - regarding the structure of soils, plowing volumes, climatic and meteorological parameters, species composition of artificial forests and forest belts, etc.

The study area covered the territory of the southern and middle steppe sub-zones within the limits between rivers Tiligul-Bug. The author's studies of the taxonomic composition of natural shrub vegetation have been performed on plots of river valleys, ravines and virgin beams remains that were not subject to plowing. The basic method of field research was the method of multi-seasonal route tracking on the transect, as well as selected the most typical sites (only 14), which were then used for a long time as a models

Results. According to various seasonal and rather long-term (4 years) field surveys of shrub vegetation, 18 species were identified, investigated and identified on the territory of the study. Of these, there are 13 species of shrubs belonging to 10 families in six stationary sections within the middle steppe subzone and in the eight stationary sections of the southern steppe subzone 14 species of 9 families.

The main distribution of species of shrub vegetation by ecological groups is characterized. In the middle steppe subzone, in relation to the conditions of growth dominated by mesophytes, mesotrophs and sithogeliophytes, in the southern steppe subzone, xeromesophytes, mesotrophs and heliophytes predominate.

The obtained research results were subjected to a comparative generalization with data on the species structure of shrub vegetation of the Black Sea steppes, known at the beginning of the 20th century.

The general ecological characteristics of shrub vegetation in biotopically different locations, different from genesis and successional phases

In spite of the deep field transformation of the steppes and the planting of forest bands, in the present conditions of the mosaic agri-landscape between Tiligul-Bug  the core of aboriginal shrubs vegetation clearly retains its original specificity, indicating the evolutionary perfection of their groups.

Discussion. Further research is aimed at specifying the biotopic classification of shrub vegetation in the study area under the current conditions of a mosaic agro-landscape.

Key words: shrubs, North-Western Black Sea coast, agro-landscapes, species composition

Повний текст:




Aleksandrovskyi A. L. (1995) Evoliutsyia pochvennoho pokrova Russkoi ravnyny v holotsene [Evolution of the soil cover of the Russian Plain in the Holocene] Pedology, 3, 290-297.

Artiushenko A. T., Teslenko Iu. V., Utkin V. S. (1980) Fytotsenozy i klymat ravnynnoi chasti Ukrainy v holotsene [Phytocenoses and the climate of the plains of Ukraine in the Holocene] Tectonics and stratigraphy, 18, 91-99.

Belhard A. L. (1947) Drevesno-kustarnikovaia rastitelnost yuho-vostoka USSR [Tree and shrub vegetation of the southeast of the USSR] Flora and fauna of the south-east of the USSR, KHU, 27-39.

Bilyk H. I. (1963) Roslynnist zasolenykh gruntiv Ukrainy [Vegetation of saline soils of Ukraine], AN URSR,297.

Bondarenko E. Iu. (2015) Flora nyzovyi mezhdurechia Dnestr-Tylyhul [The flora of the lower middle Dnieper-Tiligul] Gryshko National Botanical Garden NAS of Ukraine, Kyev, 26 .

Heobotanichne raionuvannia URSR [Geobotanical zoning of the USSR] (1977) Naukova dumka, 282 .

Holubets M. A., Maryskevych O. G., Krok B. O. and other (2003) Ekolohichnyi potentsial nazemnykh ecosystem [Ecological potential of terrestrial ecosystems], Polli, 180.

Hryhora I. M., Solomakha V. A. (2005) Roslynnist Ukrainy (ekoloho-tsenotychnyi, florystychnyi ta heohrafichnyi narys). [Vegetation of Ukraine (ecological-cenotic, floristic and geographical outline)], 452 .

Didukh Ia. P. Sheliah-SosonkoIu. R. (2003) Heobotanichne raionuvannia Ukrainy ta sumizhnykh terytorii [Geobotanical zoning of Ukraine and adjacent territories]Ukrainian Botanical Journal, 60, 1, 6-17.

Karamysheva Z. V., Lavrenko E. M., Nykulyna R. Y. (1991) Stepi Evrazii [Steppes of Eurasia] Lvov: Nauka, 146.

Lipinskoho V. M., Diachuka V. A., Babichenko V. M. ed. (2003) Klimat Ukrainy [The climate of Ukraine] Kiyv: Raievskoho, 343.

Kostylov A. V., Tkachenko V. S. (1989) Kustarnikovaia rastitelnost Severo-Zapadnogo Prychernomoria [Shrub vegetation of the Northwest Black Sea coast],Botanical Journal, 74, 2, 239-246.

Marynych O. M., Shyshchenko P. H. (2006) Fizychna heohrafiia Ukrainy [Physical geography of Ukraine] Lviv: Znannia, 511.

Mordkovich V. H. (2014) Stepnye ekosystemy [Steppe ecosystems] Novosybyrsk: «Geo», 170.

Dobrochaeva D. N., Kotov M. Y., Prokudyn Iu. N. and oth. ed. (1987) Opredelitel vysshykh rastenyi Ukrainy [Determiner of higher plants of Ukraine] Naukovadumka, 546.

Kahalo O. O., Prots B. H. ed. (2012) Oselyshchna kontseptsiia zberezhennia bioriznomanittia: bazovi dokumenty Yevropeiskoho soiuzu [Settlement concept for biodiversity conservation: basic documents of the European Union] Lviv: ZUKTs, 278.

Pachoskyi Y. K. (1908) Prychernomorskye stepy (botanyko-heohrafycheskyi ocherk) [Black Sea steppes (botanical and geographic outline)] Notes of the Society of Agriculture of Southern Russia, 7-9.

Pachoskyi Y. K. (1914) Khersonskaia flora.[Flora of Kherson], 547.

Pachosky I. K. (1915) Opisanie rastytelnosti Khersonskoi gubernii. P 1. Lesa [Description of the vegetation of the Kherson province. Part 1. Forests] Materials for the study of soils of the Kherson province, Kherson, 203.

Pachosky I. K. (1917) Opisanie rastytelnosti Khersonskoi gubernii. P. 2 Stepi [Description of the vegetation of the Kherson province. Part 2. Step] Materials for the study of soils of the Kherson province, Kherson, 316.

Solomakha V. A. (2008) Syntaksonomiia roslynnosti Ukrainy. Tretie nablyzhennia [Syntaxonomy of vegetation of Ukraine. Thirdapproximation] Kyiv: Fitosotsiotsentr, 296.

Solomakha I. V., Moisiienko I. I. (2015) Istoriia vyvchennia flory ta roslynnosti lisiv ta chaharnykovykh zarostei Pivnichnoho Prychornomoria [History of the study of the flora and vegetation of the forests and shrubbery of the Northern Black Sea Coast] Contribution of naturalists-amatours to the study of biological diversity. Berehovo, 567-576.

Solomakha I. V. (2016) Lisova ta chaharnykova roslynnist Pivnichnoho Prychornomor’ia [Forest and shrub vegetation of the Northern Black Sea Coast], Kyiv, 23.

Solomakha I. V., Vorobiov Ie. O., Moiseienko I. I. (2015) Roslynnyi prokryv lisiv ta chaharnykiv Pivnichnoho Prychornomoria [Vegetable cover of forests and shrubs of the Northern Black Sea coast] Kyiv: Fitosotsiotsentr, 387.

Popov V. P., Marynych A. M., Lanko A. Y. ed. (1968) Fyzyko-heohrafycheskoe raionyrovanye Ukraynskoi SSR.[ Physical-geographical zoning of the Ukrainian SSR] Publishing of Kyevuniversitu, 684.

Fitsailo T. V. (2005) Chaharnykovi uhrupovannia Pravoberezhnoho Lisostepu Ukrainy [Shrub Group of Right-bank Forest-steppe of Ukraine] K.: Fitosotsiotsentr, 177-183.

Fitsailo T. (2016) Chaharnykova roslynnist Podilsko-Bessarabskoho Prydnistrov’ia [Shrub vegetation Podilsky-Bessarabian Transnistria] Visnyk of Lviv University. Biologicalseries, 71, 72–84

Cherepanov S. K. (1995) Sosudystye rasteniia Rossii I sopredelnykh gosudarstv (v predelakh byvsheho SSSR) [Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (within the former USSR)], SPb.: Mir i semia, 992.

European forest types. Categories and types for sustainable forest management reporting and policy. – EEA, Copenhagen, 2007. – 112 Р.

Lisetskii F. N., Chernyavskikh V. I., Degtyar´O. V. Pastures in the zone of temperate climate: trends for development, dynamics, ecological fundamentals of rational use // Pastures: Dynamics, Economics and Management. Ed. by N.T. Procházka. USA, Nova Science Publishers, Inc. - 2010. Chapter 2. - 34 р.

Mosyakin S. L., Fedoronchuk M.M. Vascular plants of Ukraine: A nomenclatural checklist. – Kiev, 1999. – 346 p.

Метрики статей

Завантаження метрик ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.