Економія енергії у нашому будинку – це наш особистий внесок у зміцнення енергетичної безпеки України

Н. В. Оберська, М. С. Михайлишин

Анотація


 

SAVING ENERGY IN OUR HOUSE IS OUR PERSONAL CONTRIBUTION TO STRENGTHENING ENERGY SECURITY

N. V. Оberska, M. S. Mykhailyshyn

 

 

ThedevelopmenteconomyofUkrainelargelydependsonsolvingthetaskofprovidingenergysources.  InsufficientscopeofownenergysourcesforcestheUkrainianauthoritiestotakethedecisiononsignificantimports. Intheconditionofreductionworldreservesofhydrocarbonsandgrowthoftheirprices, thesolutionofenergyproblemsonlywiththehelpofimportsisinsufficient. Today, theworldtriestosolvetheproblemofenergysourcesbasedonnewapproaches, infoundationare: first, improvementofthetechnologicalprocessfromthepointofviewofintensityofproduction; second, thedevelopmentofenergy-saving; third, theexpansionofproductionofenergybyaccountofrenovationsources.

OneofthemaintasksoftheUkrainianstateis a significantreductionofinefficientconsumptionofenergyresources. Tosolvethisproblemisimpossiblewithout a purposefulenergypolicywhereadequatelytookintoaccountthepossibilityofUkraineastoownproductionofhydrocarbons, developmentofrenewableenergyandenergyefficiency, transitioneconomicstowideapplicationinmanufacturinginnovation. Tosolvethistaskitisnecessarytofocusontheanalysisofthemostimportantaspectsoftheproblemandtospecifyways, meansandmethodsofitssolution. Thismaterialshowstheachievementofenergypolicyingeneralandenergy- savingpolicy, inparticularontheexampleofitsownhome.

Energy- savingmeansreasonableenergyuseatalllevelsoftheconversionthatarefromtheextractionofprimaryenergysourcestotheconsumptionofalltypesofenergyend-users.

Energy- savingmeasuresmaybedifferent. Oneofthemosteffectivewaystoincreasetheefficiencyofenergyuseisapplicationofmodernenergy-savingtechnologies.

Theproblemofenergy- savingisparticularlyrelevantforUkraine, becausewearedependentonsuppliesofenergysourcesfromothercountries. Therefore, economyincombinationwithsimultaneoustransitiontouseoflocalresources.

Efficientuseofthermalenergy, intheend, isnottoodifficultcase. Inmostcasesitisthedecisionoftwoquestions: changinghabitsandeliminatingtheheatlossbyimprovingisolation.

Inthearticlepresents a listofourownideasofreducingtheamountofenergyconsumedthatwehaveaccomplishedandwanttoshareownexperiencewithothers.

Wedonotpretendtoanyscientificdiscoveries. Justfocusattentiononknownbutslightlyforgottennuances.

Theresultsofthestudypresenttheinterestforexpertsofquestiononenergy- savinginfindingofoptimalsolutionsforincreasingtheenergyefficiencyofourhome. Mainmeasurestoreduceenergyconsumptioninresidentialbuildingsareestablished. A promisingdirectiontoreducetheelectricpowerandincreasingenergyefficiencyofthehouseproductionistheinstallationofprotectivescreens, newwindows, ventilationofroomsandother. Wemade a numberofsomesimpleactivitiesthatwillallowustoreducetheamountofenergyconsumedby 30%.

 

 


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