Formation of forest edge in the recreational loading conditions of the state enterprise "Bila Tserkva Forestry"



О. V. Tokareva, К. І. Romanovska

Анотація


The characteristics of the forest edges and the peculiarities of their formation in the conditions of recreational loading at the State Enterprise "Bila Tserkva Forestry" were presented. Features biometric indicators of forest stands that affect their aesthetic properties were analyzed. Recreational indicators of forest enterprise tree stands on the edges in recreational forests were established. The study was carried out at edges with different stages of recreational digression.

The species composition of the tree, shrub and herbaceous storeys were established. The dominant species for each storeys were determined. A significant reduction in the score of aesthetic assessment is due to the predominance of typical species for this area, and the practical absence of rare and exotic species. A list of tree and shrub species which would be enriching the species composition of forest edge is proposed. It includes Mahonia aquifolium (PURSH) NUTT., Chaenomeles japonica (THUNB.) LINDL. EX SPACH, Juniperus Sabina L.

The defined depth is about 76-75 m. The dependence of the richness of the species composition on the different stage of recreational digression was shown. It was established that the number of herbaceous species decreases with the increase of the stage of recreational digression. The direction of improvement of the decorative and aesthetic properties of the forest edge was proposed through the implementation of landscape cutting, as well as landings of rare, not typical species for this area.

Key words: forest edge, recreational indicators, recreational forest, aesthetic evaluation, species composition of tree stand, shrubs and herbal plants.


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