Trends in Turkey meat production in the world and in Ukraine



YE. Мarchyshyna, V. Melnyk, N. Prokopenko, S. Bazyvoliak, N. Hotsyk

Анотація


The article on the basis of literature sources and statistics describes the nutritional value of turkey meat, studies the dynamics of turkey meat production in the world and in Ukraine, provides information on breeding companies for breeding turkeys and modern crosses, describes the features of keeping and feeding turkeys. It is proved that turkey meat is recommended for medical and dietary nutrition, as it is well digested and easily digested by the body. Qualitative characteristics of turkey give it competitiveness in relation to meat of other kinds. The meat of turkeys is superior to the meat of broiler chickens in terms of protein content by 10.2%, iron – 3.3 times, vitamin PP – 2.1 times. Slaughter yield in turkeys is the highest among all species of poultry – 75-78%, and muscle yield in relation to the gutted carcass is 64-67%. During 2015-2019, the level of world production of turkey is characterized as unstable. In 2019, turkey meat was produced in the world 5991771 tons, which is 0.66% less than in 2018. In Ukraine during 2016-2020, there is a tendency to increase the production of turkey meat. In 2020, its production amounted to 37.2 thousand tons (live weight), which is 18.9% more than in 2019. Traditionally, turkey crosses are imported to Ukraine under the brand of British United Turkeys Ltd., which is owned by Aviagen Turkeys. The only domestic cross is "Kharkivsky", whose turkeys are well adapted to the conditions of both intensive and semi-intensive and extensive with the use of pastures and pastures, are resistant to disease. The production of turkey meat by intensive technology involves the use of high-yielding crosses, keeping poultry in poultry houses with a regulated microclimate and complex mechanization and automation of technological processes, feeding poultry with complete feed dry feed.

Ключові слова


turkeys, nutrition value of turkey meat, behavior, density, feeding of turkeys, prospects for growing turkeys

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