PLANTING OF DECORATIVE GRAIN CROPS IN CONDITIONS OF PRODUCTION BY THE EXAMPLE OF PE «LIRIS»



D.S. Solovey

Анотація


There were analyzed the stages of planting of decorative grain crops by
vegetative way in the conditions of open soil and generative way in the conditions of
protected soil at the private enterprise Liris for the following application of them in
garden and park art at the territory of Ukraine. There were also defined the
profitability and given the recommendations concerning the planting of decorative
grain crops.
Decorative grain crops, open soil, generative propagation, vegetative
propagation, planting material, grasslands.

 Grain crops in the past took up to 30% of dry land territory of our planet. 

Nowadays their spaces decreased up to 20% so as considerable part of grasslands are
replaced by farming lands [4]. Grassland is the type of grassland vegetation with the
domination or with considerable part of plant stand of grass (according to A.
P.Iljinski). Among grasslands, there are prairies of former USSR, Asia, prairies of
America, grass spaces of North Africa, Australia and the New Zealand.
Considerable part of grasslands is primary i.e. it developed naturally. Among
them, there are prairies, Alpine meadows, savannas. In the latter case, the grass cover
with the domination of grass grains is added by rare shock of trees and bushes.
Besides that, there are secondary grasslands –meadows that developed at the place of
forests cut by men. Such grasslands are preserved till they are used by a human: the
human makes hay and tends cattle. In another time, the meadows are overgrown by
forest.


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